Toronto’s Founding and Evolution: A Cultural and Economic Hub

Who Founded Toronto Canada?

A natural harbour, links to Montreal and New York, plus a hinterland rich in resources, gave Toronto distinct economic advantages. The city grew quickly, attracting textile factories, publishing houses and metal foundries.

Fears of an American invasion prompted the government to grant land in southern Ontario to Loyalists who fought for Britain in the Revolutionary War. These settlers would help to shape Toronto’s future.


Toronto became the centre of rapid development in the 19th century as the Northern and Grand Trunk railway lines opened up the hinterland, allowing farmers to grow their products and trade them for lumber. The city grew as a cultural hub with the establishment of literary periodicals, publishing houses and a succession of notable writers including Goldwin Smith, E.J. Pratt, Morley Callaghan, Marshall McLuhan, Northrop Frye and Margaret Atwood.

The name ’Toronto’ is derived from the Mohawk word tkaronto (where there are trees standing in water). It originally referred to the Narrows, the narrows between Lake Couchiching and Lake Simcoe where Wendat people drove stakes into the shoreline to create fishing weirs. The name migrated south down the portage routes and was eventually applied to the mouth of the Humber River.

First Peoples

Over the centuries Iroquoian-speaking peoples farmed and hunted in the area that would become modern Toronto. The introduction of maize 1,400 years ago led to permanent settlement and villages built around longhouses.

In the 1600s, French fur traders used a route known as the “Toronto Passage” to reach the Hurons. The name was carried south along the portage routes, and eventually applied to a new fort at the mouth of the Humber River—which became known as Fort Toronto.

By the turn of the 20th century, the city’s population had exploded, and problems of urbanization were gaining urgency. Women’s suffrage and the University of Toronto gave rise to important movements. Incorporation into a city brought a mayor and council elected by wards, as well as sizable civic departments for services like roads, water and police.


Although the name Toronto is Canadian, its European roots are strong. The city is Canada’s financial hub and a leader in information media and specialized services. It is a major publishing center with a concentration of literary periodicals and publishing houses, and has nurtured the work of such writers as Goldwin Smith, Morley Callaghan, Northrop Frye, Marshall McLuhan, and Margaret Atwood.

The name “Toronto” is derived from the Mohawk word tkaronto, meaning “trees standing in water.” In 1720 the French built a trading post on Baby Point, named Fort Douville and also called a magasin royal (royal store). The construction of the Erie Canal and the Welland Canal transformed the city into the centre for import-export and local distribution, bypassing Montreal and the St. Lawrence River.


Many United Empire Loyalists migrated to the province of Upper Canada (now Ontario) after the American Revolution. Their descendants can be identified by the title UE in their name and are among the founding peoples of Canada.

British immigration after the 1820s swelled the population to a predominance of English-speaking Protestants. The Orange Order protected this influence and wielded power in civic politics.

The city’s first European settlement was at the narrows where Lake Simcoe discharges into Lake Couchiching. The name Toronto was derived from the Mohawk word tkaronto, meaning “where there are trees standing in the water.” These early settlers braved cold, hunger and disease but persevered to become major participants in the formation of Canada. Documents related to their land grants and compensation are valuable records for researchers today.

Second World War

In the postwar era, Toronto became Canada’s financial capital with major banks such as the Royal Bank of Canada, the Bank of Montreal and the Toronto-Dominion Bank. It also became a manufacturing centre with a leadership position in electronics, aircraft and precision machines. Many leading Canadian insurance and investment companies are headquartered in the city, along with the Toronto Stock Exchange.

The city council grew into a powerful municipal body elected by wards, while the police force modernized and professionalized. Sizable civic departments were created for roads, water, police and health services. In the early 20th century, Garrison Creek and Taddle Creek were rerouted into culverts under the city, while much of Castle Frank Brook was covered by McCaul Pond. The pond is now the University of Toronto campus.

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University of Toronto Scarborough: Academic Calendar, Curriculum, and Important Dates

The University of Toronto Calendar

The Academic Calendar is an online resource that outlines current curriculum at the University of Toronto Scarborough along with related policy and regulations.

Each course has a unique 8-character alpha-numeric code that indicates the area of study, level of study, UT campus and credit value.

If the University must change programs of study, courses or timetables, reasonable advance notice will be given.


With the fall season comes the beginning of the academic year. It’s a great time to meet new friends, get settled in your campus and city and start settling into your program of study. Check out the student life calendar for orientation events hosted by your faculty, student government and Centre for International Experience.

Fall is also the season for breathtaking colours. With our urban parks, hidden forests and tree-lined streets, Toronto is a beautiful place to see fall foliage. Whether you are strolling along the Don Valley River or cheering on one of Toronto’s epic sports teams, it’s hard not to be inspired by this season!

This Calendar contains important academic information including policies, curriculum, course timetables and sessional dates. It is expected that all students become familiar with the policies and regulations outlined herein. Students enrolled in Co-op programs are subject to additional rules and regulations described in the specific program descriptions. Application procedures can be found on the Arts & Science Co-op, International Development Studies Co-op and Management Co-op websites.


The university is divided into two academic sessions: the fall session runs from early September to late December, and the winter session runs from early January to late April. Many faculties also offer a summer session that runs from mid-May to late August.

In 2023-2024, UTSC classes will begin on Thursday, September 7, and end on Friday, November 9, according to the University of Toronto academic calendar 2023-2024. Students are encouraged to attend the orientation week events hosted by their colleges and departments.

The u toronto calendar also provides important dates and deadlines, such as course enrolment periods, exam periods, petition deadlines, and refund eligibility. Additional academic information can be found in the discipline sections of the u toronto calendar, which describe rules and regulations for completing degrees, selecting programs, choosing courses, understanding marks and grades, and accessing student support. UTSC also offers joint programs with Centennial College, whereby students earn a University of Toronto degree as well as a diploma or certificate from Centennial.


The spring season is a time of rebirth. It is a time when nature begins to bloom and life returns to the earth. It is the season of joy and love. It is also a time when people celebrate the triumph of good over evil and light over darkness.

Academic sessions at UTM and the St. George campus are formally divided into fall, winter and summer sessions. However, UTSC operates on a trimester system that is similar to that used by most American universities. Students should consult Program Supervisors, instructors in A-level courses and academic advisors from the Academic Advising and Career Centre for assistance with understanding how their program requirements may differ from year to year.

Spring is the period of the year between winter and summer during which temperatures gradually rise. It begins at the vernal equinox, on March 20 or 21, and ends at the summer solstice on June 21 or 22.


The summer season, also known as the hot season or sultry season, is one of four seasons in Earth’s hemisphere. It is the warmest season, and in many places it brings high temperatures and dry weather.

Astronomically, the first day of summer is said to be the summer solstice, which happens in June or July. This is the longest day of the year, when whichever hemisphere is experiencing summer is most tilted towards the Sun. It is followed by the vernal or spring equinox and autumnal or fall equinox.

The season of summer is sometimes referred to as a holiday or vacation season, and people take time off from school, work, and other obligations during the warm months. It is also a common season for hurricanes to develop in the Atlantic Ocean, a major cause of global weather fluctuations. The word “summer” was first recorded before 900, and it is related to Anglo-Norman somer, German sommer, and Sanskrit sama.

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Food Drive Ideas to Help Community-Based Food Organizations

9 Food Drive Ideas to Help Stock the Shelf of Community-Based Food Organizations

Help stock the shelves of community-based food organizations throughout Utah by organizing a food drive. Encourage your fundraisers to choose a theme — “Make Every Bean Count,” for example — and provide them with background on the selected organization and a list of key dates/times.

Send your announcement to local media (papers, magazines, radio and TV stations). Include school and faith-based newsletters and groups.

What to Donate

All people need food, and donating non-perishable items can be an easy and gratifying way to help those in need. Food banks often request basic foods that do not require refrigeration such as cereal, canned fruit and vegetables, pasta and rice.

Families can also donate personal care and household items, such as brooms, mops, laundry detergent and cleaning supplies. These donations stay local, and are even tax-deductible if you itemize your taxes. The food drive coordinator at your post office or mailbox carrier can tell you which local agencies receive these donations.

Canned Foods

Canned foods are considered minimally processed and provide a valuable resource for individuals who have trouble purchasing fresh produce. Additionally, canned food products have a long shelf life and are convenient for those without refrigeration or cooking equipment.

It is important to choose canned foods that are low in sodium and contain little sugar. Be sure to select vegetables and fruit that are canned in water or 100 percent juice rather than heavy or light syrup, which contains added sugars.

Fresh Fruit & Vegetables

Fresh fruits and vegetables are ideal constituents of healthy diets as they are low in calories, contain high amounts of fibre, vitamins and phytochemicals. They also have a positive impact on children’s food preferences.

Work with a local nonprofit organization to collect and distribute these items. Encourage volunteers and donors to meet some of the people who will benefit from their hard work, as this will help them feel like they made a real difference in someone’s life.

Meat & Dairy Products

Eating meat and dairy doesn’t have to be an all-or-nothing endeavor. Even if you’re not vegetarian or vegan, reducing your consumption of animal products is a way to help the planet.

Processed meat and dairy products contain high amounts of fat, which may increase the risk for heart disease and other health issues. In addition, plant-based foods have lower climate impacts than meat and dairy. They’re also more ethical from a moral perspective.

Baked Goods

Baking is a form of cooking food using prolonged dry heat, such as ovens or hot stones. It is used to prepare foods like bread, cakes, doughnuts, pastries and cookies.

Baking can also help with mental health by reducing stress and anxiety. This is because baking involves repetitive and calming actions, such as measuring, whisking, beating and mixing. It also provides a sense of accomplishment and pride in the final product. In addition, baking can inspire feelings of sociability and connection to others.

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Safe Betting Oasis: Exploring the 토토사이트 for Thrilling Online Gaming

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As you navigate through the 토토사이트, you’ll discover an array of features designed to enhance your engagement. It’s akin to having a personal guide in the gaming world, equipped with the latest insights, trends, and analytics to sharpen your betting strategies. But what truly sets the 토토사이트 apart isn’t just the spectrum of betting options; it’s the commitment to creating a secure environment for its members.

In the ever-changing landscape of online betting, the 토토사이트 stands as a beacon of trust. It’s where legitimacy doesn’t just come as a promise, but as a practice. Every transaction, every bet, and every victory is enveloped in layers of digital trust, forging an unspoken bond between the platform and its patrons.

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Top Places to Live in Toronto, Ontario

The Best Places to Live in Toronto, Ontario

Toronto is Canada’s largest city and a global centre of finance, culture and commerce.

Its skyline features modern high-rise buildings, including the CN Tower and First Canadian Place.

There are many different cultural communities in the city, with Chinatown, Little Italy, Greektown and others keeping their traditions alive. World-renowned Second City comedy/improv theatre also has a location here.

1. Downtown

The city’s downtown core includes the Financial District by day, where suits and power brokers ply their trade from glass and steel towers. Come nightfall, the offices empty and people head to the Entertainment District to see a show or catch a game at the stadiums.

The area is also home to one of North America’s largest Chinatowns where crowds crush the sidewalks for authentic Chinese cuisine and not-so-authentic knockoffs. The Fashion District on Queen Street West and the club scene in clubs around Richmond and Adelaide are other popular hot spots.

For a break from all the concrete, head to one of the many bars that have made it onto Canada’s Top 100 list, such as Rush Lane & Co, which tests every batch of citrus juice in its laboratory and serves cocktails in vintage glasses.

2. North York

Formerly a separate city before amalgamation with Toronto in 1998, North York is an eclectic and multicultural area encompassing a university, parks, ravines, historical sites and unique neighbourhoods. Highlights include the hands-on Ontario Science Centre, the Aga Khan Museum showcasing Islamic culture in a modern building and Black Creek Pioneer Village, an 1800s living museum.

The main streets of North York are laid out in a grid pattern, making it easy to get around by car. Parking can be expensive in the downtown core but is much cheaper and easier to find in suburban areas.

Sports fans can catch a soccer game with the Toronto FC II (Toronto’s reserve team), in USL League One at Downsview Park, or check out York9 FC which debuted in 2019 as a founding member of the new Canadian Premier League.

3. East York

As one of the most diverse cities in Canada, Toronto is home to many ethnic and cultural festivals throughout the year. The city also has a number of radio stations that broadcast in various languages and public transit helplines offer assistance in over 70 different languages.

The city’s streets are lined with middle and working-class neighborhoods. The Kensington Market is a popular attraction with narrow streets bustling with immigrants, punks and yuppies shopping for groceries, surplus clothing and records.

Those looking for a quieter alternative to the West End should check out the quaint residential neighbourhoods of East York. The area has a number of parks, including 14-hectare Grenadier Pond, where visitors can unfurl a picnic blanket and enjoy the sunshine. The neighbourhood is also well served by public schools, with CSCM and TCDSB operating English first language secular schools.

4. Scarborough

From sweeping bluffs to vibrant communities, Scarborough is home to an array of outdoor adventures and cultural experiences. Hike along rugged cliffs or shop till you drop at massive malls, sample global cuisines or soak up local history at museums.

During autumn (September to October), watch salmon run up Highland Creek or enjoy Canada Day fireworks at Milliken Park. After dark, head to a bar or club in the area for live performances, comedy shows, and karaoke nights. Alternatively, check out the many restaurants and lounges that cater to a younger crowd including Civil Liberties, Paradise Grapevine, Three Speed, Hurricane’s, and Burdock Brewing. The Scarborough Town Centre is also a shopper’s paradise with more than 250 stores and services.

5. Etobicoke

Etobicoke is one of the great cities of Toronto and a beautiful place to enjoy stunning views of Downtown Toronto Skyline, great art galleries and unique cultural experiences. It is also home to a lot of splendid outdoor recreational opportunities.

In South Etobicoke you can find many new condominium buildings overlooking Lake Ontario as well as a nice collection of restaurants, cafes and boutiques. There is a large concentration of new residents in this area and the area has become popular for young idealistic professionals looking for an urban lifestyle with easy access to GO Train stations.

Shopping is abundant on Bloor Street West and the Queensway as well as at Sherway Gardens, the city’s upscale mall. There are several TTC subway stations in Etobicoke, including Royal York Station and Islington Station as well as four suburban GO Train Stations.

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